Slab rafts are the simplest form of raft foundation typically encountered in practice. The motivation as with other raft foundation is to bring applied pressures to acceptable limits.
Precast bridges are highly favoured, where the speed of construction is very crucial or generally where the cost of procuring precast is justified by a shorter construction programme. This article discusses the different forms of precast bridges, typically encountered in practice.
Items relating to “boundaries of duties” constitutes a vast proportion of the frustrations and misunderstanding, and claims made against engineers. This article identifies and expatiate on the six boundaries of duties which an engineer must define in a fee proposal.