A fee proposal is an engineer’s ‘offer’ to undertake a predefined work for a defined fee and it is usually for the client to either accept or reject this offer. To give legal certainty to the offer, the following six items need to be defined in the proposal or an attached document.
This article aims to introduce the concept of temporary works. How the design of temporary works differs from permanent works and the interplay that exist between temporary works engineer and the permanent works engineer.
A Stringer beam is a structural member that supports a floor or a deck along its longitudinal direction. They are usually inclined secondary beams stemming from primary beams and their basic function is to convert distributed loadings from a slab into point loads which is transferred back to the primary beams or supports.
This article discusses the types of steel bracings required for ensuring lateral stability in braced multi-storey steel frames, the design considerations and the procedures required when providing them within a steel frame.
This article gives guidance on how to size concrete and steel structural elements at the initial concept design stages of a project development.
column splices are essentially steel-plated bolted connection provided in multi-storey steel construction to serve as a connection between two columns of different sections
The second part of the article on Reuse and Refurbishment of existing building explores how the structural engineer can maximize the identified opportunities through design.
Ribbed slabs incorporate voids to the soffits of slabs or replace voids with lighter materials.
For every structure, frame stability is an important area of consideration. Designers of structural steel-work were the first to recognize the importance of considering the stability of steel frames in BS-5950.
This article describes the process of designing a laterally loaded masonry wall to Eurocode 6. It will highlight masonry and the relationship between its geometry, support condition and material properties when used as a structural material.