This second article in the series on temporary works discusses temporary works failures and how structural engineers can learn from them
The justification for combining loads from two or more super-structural element typically stems from restrictions. For instance, where the columns are closely spaced such that independent pile caps are impossible to construct as a result of overlapping.
This fourth article in the series on concrete bridges examines the special types of concrete bridge — previous articles described all the cast in place and precast options, Concrete cable-stayed, extradosed and stressed ribbon bridges are all described here, together with the special features of concrete footbridges and railway bridges.
Structural steel elements are amenable to failure due to lateral torsional buckling, when measures that recognizes this risk have not been considered in design. This article briefly, explains how the structural engineer can deal with lateral torsional buckling when analyzing steel structures.
This article provides guidance on how to design steel columns subjected to combined axial compression and bending to EC3, using the simplified expressions in the IStructE manual for the design of steelwork buildings.