When an adjacent footing overlay the area of the soil wedge of a retaining structure, the footing exerts a lateral surcharge pressure against the retaining wall, which must be considered in the analysis and design of the retaining structure.
Transfer structures are used in buildings with vertical element discontinuities and where a direct load passage to the foundations is not practicable. This article offers…
This article is concerned with the design of waffle slabs supported on solid column heads – a slab option that combines the benefits of a…
When assessing the safety of an existing building, a significantly different approach is required compared to when planning a new structure. This article explores how…
In scenarios where traditional concrete or masonry retaining walls might be unsuitable due to ground movement or drainage considerations, gabion walls offer a viable alternative. This article offers insights into how to design gabion walls
The primary function of every retaining wall is to resist the lateral forces from earth without any stability problems. The taller the retaining wall, the more likely that counterforts will become necessary to achieve stability. This article explains how to design a counterfort retaining wall.
This article discusses the design intricacies of helical staircases. It offers an overview of the various methods of analyzing helical staircases and presents a method that can be used for preliminary analysis and design.
Retaining structures or a retaining wall is any constructed wall that holds back soil a liquid or other materials where there is an abrupt change in elevation. Retaining walls have been used for thousands of years, in the construction of terraced fields on a steep slope, or a railway through a hillside, a retaining wall is used in some form or another.
For every structure, frame stability is an important area of consideration. Designers of structural steel-work were the first to recognize the importance of considering the stability of steel frames in BS-5950.
This article is concerned with the derivation and application of these notional loading, which is classified as Equivalent Horizontal Forces within the Eurocodes. The article also illustrates how the notional horizontal loads are incorporated into the design process.